The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of
Freemasonry is commonly known as the Scottish Rite. It is one of the several appendant groups of the
worldwide fraternity known as Freemasonry. Each Valley has up to four Scottish Rite Bodies, and each body
confers a set of degrees. In the Southern Jurisdiction these are the Lodge of Perfection (4°-14°), Chapter of
Rose Croix (15°-18°), Council of Kadosh (19°-30°), and the Consistory (31°-32°). The Supreme Council confers
the 33rd Degree of Sovereign Grand Inspector General.
Although most of the thirty-three degrees of the Scottish Rite existed in parts of previous degree systems, the
Scottish Rite did not come into being until the formation of the Mother Supreme Council at Charleston, South
Carolina, in May 1801. Isaac De Costa, one of the deputies commissioned to establish Morin’s Rite of the Royal
Secret in other countries, formed constituent bodies of the Rite in South Carolina in 1783, which eventually
became, in 1801, the Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction. All regular
Scottish Rite bodies today derive their heritage from this body.
The original Charter of the Memphis Consistory of the Ancient of the Accepted Scottish Rite was issued in 1886.
Meetings were held downtown at the Masonic Temple (not the present Temple at Fourth and Court). The cornerstone for
the present Scottish Rite Cathedral was laid in May of 1909 and the Memphis bodies have met at this location ever